Soil Health Benchmark Study

Soil Health Benchmark Study

The Soil Health Benchmark Study is an on-farm research project developed and led by Pasa Sustainable Agriculture that empowers farmers with a comprehensive assessment of their soil health, and provides comparisons of soil health data between peer farms. The study, which began in Pennsylvania in 2016, has grown to include more than 100 farms in that state. Future Harvest is partnering with Pasa Sustainable Agriculture to extend this important research initiative into MD.

Identifying soil health benchmarks will help farmers determine whether their soil health management  practices are achieving the desired results, or where improvements may be possible.

In addition, farmers will be provided with opportunities to learn from one-another, and collaborate on innovative solutions to soil health management problems- through regional hubs, workshops, webinars and field-school programs.

Soil health indicators measured for the benchmark include physical, chemical and biological attributes, such as aggregate stability, organic matter, microbial respiration and nutrient levels.  These soil attributes will then be placed in the context of field management techniques, including tillage frequency and intensity, cover cropping, and organic matter inputs.

Now in our third year of partnering on the benchmark study, Future Harvest coordinates 30 Maryland farm research collaborators from across five regions of the state, including diversified vegetable, pastured livestock and grain/row crop farms. Because the value of the study will grow as the number of participating farms increases, we are now accepting Community Scientist applications as well as Farm Research Collaborator applications.

Who Can Participate:

If you own or manage a farm in Maryland and are passionate about improving your soil health, you are eligible to participate as a Community Scientist or Research Collaborator. If you own or manage a farm in Virginia, West Virginia, or Delaware, you may join as a Community Scientist. Here’s the difference:

Community Scientist

All farmers are eligible to participate in the project as a community scientist. As a community scientist, you will be able to collect your own soil samples and compare your results and measurements to our local and regional research benchmarks. You may choose to participate for only one year to better understand the current state of your soil health, or to participate for multiple years and  track changes to your soil health over time. As a community scientist, you have the freedom to sample from the field(s) of your choice, and to choose between Basic or Standard Cornell soil test packages. You will receive community benchmark statistics that include data from our Soil Health Benchmark Study, which can be used to assess your efforts to improve soil health on your farm.​

To participate as a Community Scientist, you’ll need to:

Community Scientists receive community benchmark statistics that include data from our Soil Health Benchmark Study, which can be used to assess your efforts to improve soil health on your farm.

Research Collaborator

To participate as a Research Collaborator, you will agree to:

  • Allow Future Harvest staff to collect soil samples from three fields (returning Collaborators may be asked to collect their own samples)

  • Maintain and share detailed farm management records with us

  • Participate in a workshop, field day or webinar

Research Collaborators receive:

  • Free soil sampling on three fields from the Cornell Soil Health Lab (value $345)

  • A detailed soil health benchmark report that details how your soil health outcomes and soil management practices compare to peer farms*

  • Marketing tools that communicate the importance of your efforts to build soil health to your customers and stakeholders

Soil Health Benchmark Study Collaborators and Community Scientists will have opportunities to connect with peer farms through regional hubs, in order to learn from one-another and share practical and innovative solutions for soil health challenges. You’ll also be contributing to a growing body of soil health data, that farmers everywhere can use to benchmark their progress against.

How to Participate:

We are looking for a diverse array of different farm types from various regions throughout MD, VA, WV and DE.

Please fill out this brief survey with some basic farm information, to find out if the Soil Health Benchmark Study is a good fit, for your farm, and for our research objectives.

Apply Here

Got questions? Contact Lisa Garfield at


Building a sustainable foodshed from farm and fishery to table